What is “net neutrality”?
The “net neutrality principle” was proposed by Tim Wu, a professor of media law at Columbia University in 2003, that is, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) must treat all content from all parties equally. The five essential principles of network neutrality proposed by the Obama administration for the FCC in 2014 are: prohibiting operators from blocking websites, slowing downloading speeds, preventing extra charges to accelerate, must enhance service data transparency and regulate wireless networks without broadband.
It seems that net neutrality is a new notion in the Intrnet world. So Which countries support net neutrality?
On June 13, 2010, the Chilean National Congress bonded the telecommunications law to maintain net neutrality and become the first country in the world to legislate it. The law was promulgated on August 26, 2010. It adds three provisions to the General Law of Telecommunications, prohibiting ISPs from arbitrarily blocking, interfering, discriminating, obstructing or restricting Internet users from using, sending, receiving or providing.
Other countries that support net neutrality include Brazil, Canada, India, Netherlands, European countries such as the United Kingdom, and the United States (currently under extensive debate).
Although it seems that net neutrality is supported in many countries, this is not the case. In Europe, for example, net neutrality is under attack. More and more companies openly oppose net neutrality. And companies that oppose net neutrality legislation include AT & T, Verizon, IBM, Intel, Cisco, Nokia, Qualcomm, Broadcom, Juniper, D-Link, Wintel, Alcatel-Lucent, Corning, Panasonic, Ericsson, and others.
Nobel Laureate in Economics, Gary Baker, published a paper in the Journal of Competition Law & Economics entitled “Net Neutrality and Consumer Welfare.” Statements by those who support net neutrality “provide no compelling reason for regulation” because there is “significant and growing competition” among broadband access service providers.
In an age without network neutrality, how should we protect our network security?
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